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Don’t just cry, do something
In the event of an emergency (if anyone has an accident or is suddenly sick) and if you are alone:

Call an adult.
Dial and try to explain what is going on.

Tell them:
The telephone number you are ringing from.
Where you are (address).
What happened.
How the person or people who need help is/are.
Never hang up until you are told you can.



If someone faints:
Check that the person has passed out. Call them and touch them on the shoulders. If they do not respond, call for help.
Dial and try to put them on their side with their head back.
Look at the pictures and try to practise at home with your parents and, why not teach them the Safety Side Position.




Knocks to the head
When you fall and hit your head, even if it looks like it is just a bump  it is best to ask for help from an adult. You should apply ice to the spot to prevent it from swelling, but if you feel unwell and like you want to be sick or if you feel sleepy, you need to be looked at in a hospital.




Broken bones
If you hit your bones very hard they can break. Besides hurting a lot, the zone affected can become swollen. Try not to move and ask for help from an adult to immobilise it. At times just a pillow can help. Observe the pictures.




Wounds
If it is just a small wound you should wash it with only water and then disinfect it. Then, to protect it you should put a plaster on it. However, if it is a big cut or if it was caused by some object (wooden splinters, filings, bamboo cane, or other) should be looked at in a hospital. Never try to remove the object from the wound.

Ferida


Bleeding
When we have a wound which bleeds, we say we have a haemorrhage.
Try to stay calm as the more nervous you are the more you will bleed, and get help from an adult. If it is a small haemorrhage, try to stop it, pressing on the place with a clean cloth or with compresses for at least 5 minutes. If the haemorrhage is on your leg or arm, try to raise it up by placing a cushion under it, for example.


Haemorrhage from the nose

If you bang your head or fall violently, do not try to stop the haemorrhage. Try not to move and call an adult.

But if you did not bang your head, try to stop the blood, keeping your head straight (looking in front) and squeezing your nose tightly for at least 5 minutes. You can also put ice on the spot.




Burns
If you sit or go close to a fire or very hot objects you can get burned. Depending on how serious it is, a burn, besides being painful and causing scarring, can be very dangerous for your health.

If the skin is red, hot and dry and hurts a lot, place the affected zone under cold water until it stops hurting. Then ask an adult for a moisturising cream and spread it generously over the burned area. You will soon see that it feels a lot better.

But if your skin forms bubbles you should relieve the pain by placing the affected area under cold water, taking care not to burst them.
Ask an adult for help and go to a health centre or hospital.

queimaduras


Insect bites or stings
If your skin goes red and swells up, disinfect it and place ice wrapped in a cloth over the spot. If you start to feel short of breath, you should immediately call an adult and dial 112.


Animal bites
Ask for help from an adult. Wash the area of the bite with a sterile saline solution (physiological serum), disinfect it and put a plaster on it. You should then head for a health centre or hospital.
Safety on wheels

The practice of sports  is good for health and the use of the bicycle or the skate can be an excellent and ecological mean of transport. However it is necessary to have certain precautions. Besides the respect for the traffic rules, it is indispensable that you wear a protective equipment (knee pads, elbow pads, gloves, helmet and appropriate shoes) and make sure that your vehicle works well.

The choice of the place is important. The best places are bicycle paths, parks, places and streets with the no traffi. You have to avoid walking in unknown places.

Before beginning, it is essential to verify that the ground is flat and clean. Paid attention to the places where there are bottles and bits of glass, or holes or stones on the ground.

Avoid passing with the wheels over ditches, because these can remain stuck on the wire netting.

Do not use earphones when you pedal, because you must be very attentive to all the unexpected.

Stay  well fed and drink liquids to stay well hydrated.


One last  thing, don’t make speed races with your friends.

Let’s go for a walk?

It is great to go for a walk with the family. Sometimes we go to the countryside, to the beach, but there are also other types of places like shopping malls, cinemas and fun parks, for example.
Because these places are large and usually full of people, you have to take care over a number of things.

On escalators
Do not sit on the steps and do not go the wrong way. Do not sit on the handrail not put your foot on the skirting of the steps as your shoe could become trapped.

Stay close to the people you are with.
Always stay close to your parents or the adult you are with. If you get lost, stay in the same spot and after a few minutes look for a security guard or ask for help from a shopkeeper. It is wise to always have some form of identification on you with the telephone numbers of your parents.
Do not accept invitations from strangers.

Elevators
Do not play with the buttons in elevators or lifts. Before you go in, check that the elevator is actually there. Do not leave an elevator or try to open the door when it is still moving.

Fun parks
In fun parks, always respect the age and height limits for each piece of equipment.

In car parks
Car parks in shopping malls are places where there are lots of cars on the move. Walk only in the areas reserved for pedestrians and always cross on the crossings.

> These places always have fire fighting equipment, and there will be signs to tell you where you are and where you should leave from.

>Never play with extinguishers or alarm buttons, because they can be very useful in an emergency.

> If you hear an alarm bell to evacuate the premises, follow the guidelines you are given, staying calm and do not run.
On the way to school
In order to get safely to and from school every day, just follow these rules:
On the way to school or on your way home again always go with a friend. It is much safer and much more fun. Walk or ride your bike in well-lit zones and never use shortcuts.
Wait for the bus in a group. If anyone bothers you, move away from them and immediately tell an adult you trust about what went on.
Never ask for a ride from a stranger or from people you do not feel at ease with.
If anyone follows you on foot, get away from that person. If the person is in a car, turn around and go in the opposite direction. Immediately tell an adult you trust about what happened.
Never leave school with someone you are not at ease with or who you do not know, even if they tell you it is an emergency. Always check first with an adult you trust.
When out of your house, try not to wear clothes or things where your name is visible.
If you are thinking about changing your plans for after school, first tell someone in your family. Do not play in parks, shopping malls or games halls without authorization. Never accept money from strangers.
If you return home alone check that everything is OK before entering. Once inside, tell your parents or other member of your family that you have arrived and that you are OK.

Follow the rules for being alone at home:
Keep the door of the house closed and locked and do not open it to anyone, unless it is an approved visitor.
Never tell someone you do not know, over the phone, that you are in the house alone.
Always keep handy the telephone number of a neighbour or of an adult you trust and who you can turn to if necessary.
Online safety!
The internet is a very useful tool for learning about new things and for chatting on-line with family and friends. But be careful, there are rules you should follow in order to surf safely:

Never agree to meet up with strangers without your parents’ authorization. If they say it is OK, make the encounter in a public place and go with you father or mother.

If someone sends you unpleasant messages or messages you do not understand, inform your parents straight away.

Do not give out personal information on your family (telephone numbers, address, the school you go to or the places where you usually play).

Do not accept photographs or other files from strangers. They might contain a virus or may be malicious.

Do not send your photograph or photographs of your friends to strangers, without first asking for your parents’ opinion.

> Always speak with your parents whenever you feel uncomfortable with a situation or do not know what to do.

> Never feel embarrassed with your parents. They are your best friends.
I know how to use my mobile phone!

As you know, mobile phones are not only for making calls. We can use them for taking photographs, accessing the Internet,  sending and receiving files or even e-mails.

We are going to give you some advice on the care you should take when using yours:

Be careful about who you give your mobile phone number to.

Even if asked, never give out personal information like your name, address, location or school you go to.

Do not forget, the people on the other end of the line may not always be who or what they say they are. Therefore do not send your photograph or photographs of your friends without your parents’ knowledge or authorization.


Learn to say NO. Pay attention to competitions and offers which seem too good to be true, as more likely than not they will be a trick!

Be careful about your privacy. If you see a stranger taking photographs of you, tell an adult you trust straight away.


Do not answer malicious calls or messages or ones which make you feel uncomfortable. Record the number, day and time you received this call or SMS and tell your parents.

Do not send unpleasant messages, and do not make false calls.

At play

In the water!
Playing in the sea, a river and swimming pools is great fun!
It is important, however, to learn to swim and to take care, for example, when you dive in. Go for a swim only when there is an adult nearby. You could run into trouble or feel sick and that way they could help you.
Never jump or dive into the water except in supervised places and with your parents’ permission.
You should go to beaches which have a lifeguard! They always have flags flying on the beach which tell you if the sea is good for bathing or not. Always follow the indications of the lifeguard.

agua

What the flags mean
bverde
Conditions are good for swimming and paddling if you follow the safety rules and recommendations.
amarela
Conditions are dangerous for swimming. Conditions are acceptable for paddling if you follow the safety rules and recommendations.
vermelho
Both swimming and paddling are dangerous. Even just staying near the water’s edge could be highly risky.
xadrez
Beach temporarily without surveillance.

While you are at the beach, eat light meals and drink a lot of liquids.
Being in the sun is very pleasant, but protect yourself: avoid the hottest periods of the day, wear a hat and use a sun cream to avoid getting sunburn.
Do not forget that you should not enter the water suddenly after being a long time in the sun. You could feel sick due to the difference in temperature.
It’s not hard to follow these rules, right?

In the countryside or in the forest

Strolling and playing in these places is not the same as in the city. There is a lot of vegetation, animals you are not used to and lots of other things.

floresta

Do you want to know which ?

If you are on an estate or on a farm:
Do not play with agricultural implements because you might get hurt.
Tractors are for farmers to work with and are not for you to play on. OK?
If you go to pick fruit, check that the ladder can hold your weight and if it is a good condition.
If you go to help your family to lift baskets of fruit or vegetables, bend your knees, keep your feet apart and keep your back straight. You’ll see that like this it is easier and you won’t hurt yourself with the effort.

Out walking
Always wear shoes which protect your feet well so they do not get cut or injured. Always look careful where you put your feet when walking.

andar

Do not drink water from fountains or streams. You don’t know if it is potable (good to drink) or not.
Do you know that many forest fires happen through carelessness? Do not play with matches or lighters and if you find them on the floor, tell an adult to pick them up.
A badly put out cigarette can cause a large fire! Help to avoid this by telling adults not to smoke in the forest and not to throw cigarette ends out of the car window.
When you go camping avoid making fires. Take meals which are already prepared and a battery-operated light.

If you live near to a forest
With your family, help to clean the woods around you house and tell your parents that it is important to remove dry leaves and branches from the roof.


If you detect a forest fire:
> Dial 117 or 112 and tell an adult;
> Close the doors and windows, including blinds to stop sparks getting in;
> If you are stuck in your house, block up the gaps in the doors and windows with wet cloths so the smoke does not get in.



floresta2

In the car

Travel on the back seat and always wear your safety belt and appropriate devices, otherwise it only needs a small bump with the car for you to be projected from your seat.

cinto

Try not to distract the driver’s attention with noisy games or shouting as s/he needs to pay a lot of attention to the traffic. Do not play with balloons or balls inside the car.
Do not mess with the car doors or windows, and do not put your head, feet or hands outside of the window as you could hurt yourself very badly.

In children’s parks

The toys provided in these places are appropriate for the age and size of children. Try to use the ones which are most appropriate for you.
Always wait your turn to play. Your turn will not come more quickly by pushing.

parque

Areas with swings and slides are only for those who are using them.
If the equipment is broken, do not use it. Tell the park warden.
Play only within the park enclosure. You should only leave if you are accompanied by the person who took you there.


 

 
 
   
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